This article is part of the series Facial Image Processing.

Open Access Research Article

View Influence Analysis and Optimization for Multiview Face Recognition

Won-Sook Lee1* and Kyung-Ah Sohn2

Author Affiliations

1 School of Information Technology and Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa K1N6N5, Canada

2 Computer Science Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3891, USA

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EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing 2007, 2007:025409  doi:10.1155/2007/25409

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Received:1 May 2006
Revisions received:20 December 2006
Accepted:24 June 2007
Published:23 August 2007

© 2007 Lee and Sohn

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

We present a novel method to recognize a multiview face (i.e., to recognize a face under different views) through optimization of multiple single-view face recognitions. Many current face descriptors show quite satisfactory results to recognize identity of people with given limited view (especially for the frontal view), but the full view of the human head has not yet been recognizable with commercially acceptable accuracy. As there are various single-view recognition techniques already developed for very high success rate, for instance, MPEG-7 advanced face recognizer, we propose a new paradigm to facilitate multiview face recognition, not through a multiview face recognizer, but through multiple single-view recognizers. To retrieve faces in any view from a registered descriptor, we need to give corresponding view information to the descriptor. As the descriptor needs to provide any requested view in 3D space, we refer to it as "3D" information that it needs to contain. Our analysis in various angled views checks the extent of each view influence and it provides a way to recognize a face through optimized integration of single view descriptors covering the view plane of horizontal rotation from −90∘ to 90∘ and vertical rotation from −30∘ to 30∘. The resulting face descriptor based on multiple representative views, which is of compact size, shows reasonable face recognition performance on any view. Hence, our face descriptor contains quite enough 3D information of a person's face to help for recognition and eventually for search, retrieval, and browsing of photographs, videos, and 3D-facial model databases.


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