Optimal SP frame selection and bit budget allocation for mobile H.264 video streaming
DIET, Universitá “La Sapienza” di Roma, via Eudossiana 18, Roma, 00184, Italy
EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing 2012, 2012:18 doi:10.1186/1687-5281-2012-18Published: 25 September 2012
Mobile video streaming services are challenging, as they obey several system constraints, such as random access facilities, efficient server storage, and flexible rate adaptation. Rate adaptation can be performed by means of seamless switching among different encoded bitstreams. The H.264 video coding standard explicitly supports bitstream switching using specific frame coding modes, namely switching pictures (SP). Locations of SP frames affect the overall bit rate and quality of streamed video. In this study, we address the issue of optimal joint selection of the SP frames locations and bit budget allocation at frame layer. The optimization is carried out via a game theoretic approach under assigned system constraints on the overall streaming rate and the maximum random access delay. Numerical simulations show that our frame layer optimal encoding procedure brings advantages in terms of several characteristics of the streamed video, encompassing enhanced rate-distortion, reduced transmission buffer occupancy, equalization of the transmission delays, and more efficient switching.